Home My Military Vision Military Regulations for Retention and Separation for Eye Diseases and Eye Trauma
Military Regulations for Retention and Separation for Eye Diseases and Eye Trauma
Monday, 06 April 2009 21:43


What are the Military Regulations for Retention, Retirement, and Separation for Eye Diseases and Eye Trauma?


Below is the military medical fitness standards and regulations for retention, separation and retirement as it relates to eye diseases, eye trauma and visual acuity. This is AR 40-501 army regulations for EYES and VISION. This regulation is for active service members.These are NOT entrance standards. For military entrance vision standards go HERE. These are the regulations used for a medical examination board (MEB.) This board can possibly terminate one’s service to the military base off of these medical related eye conditions.


3–1. General


This chapter gives the various medical conditions and physical defects which may render a Soldier unfit for further military service and which fall below the standards required for the individuals in paragraph 3–2 below.


3–15. Eyes


The causes for referral to an MEB are as follows:



a. Active eye disease or any progressive organic disease or degeneration, regardless of the stage of activity, that is resistant to treatment and affects the distant visual acuity or visual fields so that distant visual acuity does not meet the standard stated in paragraph 3–16e or the diameter of the field of vision in the better eye is less than 20 degrees.

b. Aphakia, bilateral. (no lens in eye, cataract surgery is OK)

c. Atrophy of the optic nerve due to disease.

d. Glaucoma, if resistant to treatment or affecting visual fields as in a above, or if side effects of required medication are functionally incapacitating.

e. Degenerations, when vision does not meet the standards of paragraph 3–16e, or when vision is correctable only by the use of contact lenses or other special corrective devices (telescopic lenses, etc.).

f. Diseases and infections of the eye, when chronic, more than mildly symptomatic, progressive, and resistant to treatment after a reasonable period. This includes intractable allergic conjunctivitis inadequately controlled by medications and immunotherapy.

g. Residuals or complications of injury or disease, when progressive or when reduced visual acuity does not meet the criteria stated in paragraph 3–16e.

h. Unilateral detachment of retina if any of the following exists:

(1) Visual acuity does not meet the standard stated in paragraph 3–16e.

(2) The visual field in the better eye is constricted to less than 20 degrees.

(3) Uncorrectable diplopia exists. (double vision)

(4) Detachment results from organic progressive disease or new growth, regardless of the condition of the better eye.

i. Bilateral detachment of retina, regardless of etiology or results of corrective surgery.



3–16. Vision


The causes for referral to an MEB are as follows:


a. Aniseikonia, with subjective eye discomfort, neurologic symptoms, sensations of motion sickness and other gastrointestinal disturbances, functional disturbances and difficulties in form sense, and not corrected by iseikonica lenses.

b. Binocular diplopia (double vision), not correctable by surgery, that is severe, constant, and in a zone less than 20 degrees from the primary position.

c. Hemianopsia, (specific visual field defect) of any type if bilateral, permanent, and based on an organic defect. Those due to a functional neurosis and those due to transitory conditions, such as periodic migraine, are not considered to fall below required standards.

d. Night blindness, of such a degree that the Soldier requires assistance in any travel at night.

e. Visual acuity.

(1) Vision that cannot be corrected with ordinary spectacle lenses (contact lenses or other special corrective devices (telescopic lenses, etc.) are unacceptable) to at least:


20/60 in one eye and 20/60 in the other eye, or

20/50 in one eye and 20/80 in the other eye, or

20/40 in one eye and 20/100 in the other eye, or

20/20 in one eye and 20/800 in the other eye; or


(2) An eye has been enucleated. (removed)

f. Visual field with bilateral concentric constriction to less than 20 degrees.



Last Updated on Monday, 14 January 2013 00:46

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