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Optic Neuritis
Wednesday, 08 April 2009 00:55

 

What is Optic Neuritis? What is the treatment for Optic Neuritis?

 

Optic neuritis is the inflammation of the optic disc. One will experience decrease in central or peripheral vision, pain with eye movement and visual disturbances (flashes of lights.) Often optic neuritis is associated with demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Studies have shown that the combination of oral and IV steroids may be beneficial in treating optic neuritis. However, there is no definitive treatment available. Typically, the optic disc inflammation will improve or resolve in 3-4 weeks. Once the inflammation decrease one’s vision will typically improve, often back to normal. This usually takes about 6 weeks, however in some patients this may take much longer, up to one year. Sometimes, optic nerve atrophy occurs (parts of the nerve dies.) If this is the case then there will be permanent peripheral and/or central vision loss.

 

A neurological evaluation should be done on anyone that is diagnosed with optic neuritis. This includes an MRI of the brain to rule out multiple sclerosis. In recent years studies have indicated that the combination of oral and IV steroids may be beneficial in treating optic neuritis. There have also been studies that have shown that intramuscular interferon beta – 1a may be beneficial in reducing the risk of developing clinically definite multiple sclerosis.

 

Treatment

Oral and IV steroids

Interferon

 

Last Updated on Monday, 14 January 2013 00:04
 

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